Consequences Of Flannery O Connor And Israel By Junot Diaz

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When empathy faces opposition it becomes very confusing to advance as a society or simply to advance in personal growth. Everything must converge by Flannery O 'connor and Israel by Junot diaz are two examples of this truth. Both of these stories offer consequences to empathy for their main characters which add complexity to depth and development, the difference between the two are the type of empathy being punished , and the cultural climate that leads to this punishment. “For Diaz’s male characters, however, empathy is a dangerous and problematic sentiment… as the novel establishes, empathy brings immediate consequences.” Rio Frio outlines the danger in empathy in the machismo culture, with Julian 's mother, however less authentic her empathy …show more content…
“ A naturally curious nine year old, Yunior begins to show signs of empathy... which immediately elicits a frown of contempt from his older, more street savvy, brother.” (Rio frio pg 30) Here Rafa is acting as a typical macho. Rafa is the symbol for dominican society as a good agent of this society, Rafa perpetuates the standards and stereotypes of dominican culture, in this situation, do not be feminine and do not show empathy. “Chinga my girls and then chinga everyone else 's” (drown 4) Rafa is older and jaded, he has internalized the consequences of empathy well enough to imposed them on others. The best way to deflect these consequences for Rafa is to act defensively, whenever the situation arises. “The mask twitched. I realized he was smiling and then my brother brought his arm down and smashed the bottle on top of his head.” (Drown 19) Like with Carter and the penny the reader is struck once again with a stark contradiction between action and result. As soon as Yunior and Israel (Rio Frio also bring up the similarities and symbolism in these two names pg. ) form a connection through their differences Rafa acts out in violence the same way he does multiple other time s in the same story where Yunior shows empathy. He is conditioning Yunior whether he is aware of it or not. This time, rather than the ironic fist of justice in Everything That Rises Must Converge Rafa acts as the cold reminder of machismo, and …show more content…
Julian 's mother Has her own idea of the climate of the south and her relationship with african americans, the problem is the idea is entirely self - fabricated. ““And I remember the old darky who was my nurse, Caroline. There was no better person in the world. I 've always had a great respect for my colored friends,”” (pg 3 everything) she believe she is on perfect terms with African Americans in general. Even the dynamic of that relationship hints at the true nature of Julian 's moms relation to her black peers. Servant and served. Julian 's mother is a patronizer of the African Americans and this patronage is what is addressed as Carter 's mother clubs her. Yunior on the other hand subscribes to true empathy forged through common experience in Israel. “Where did you get that? I asked. Nueva York, he said. From my father. No shit! Our Fathers there too!” ( drown 16) Yunior sees himself in Israel illustrated by his enthusiastic “No Shit” even against all of the influences in his environment that attempt to callous Yunior his empathy seems

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