Confucianism Vs Civil Society

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Register to read the introduction… He states that western societies begin from an ideological level, then move to institutions, then to civil society, and finally to culture. On the other hand, Asian societies develop in an opposing order, beginning with a culture of strong moral education, which then leaves civil society, institutions, and ideology as interchangeable elements depending on the needs of the society. This causes a misinterpretation of the Asian alternative due to the tendency of Westerners to classify a social system based on its institutional arrangements.
Civil Society In Asia and America Francis Fukuyama reiterates that in Asian religions there is no concept of individual rights. Confucianism states that people are born not with rights but with duties to the hierarchically arranged authorities, beginning with the family, then the state, and finally the emperor. It emphasizes adherence to good moral values, ethnic consciousness, strong state and political authority, education and self-cultivation. These beliefs do not as such present barriers to the development of democracy, but rather enhances the functioning of society. Liberal democracy allows for pure individualism, yet
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However, it must be noted, that values vary from country to country in Asia. For example, kinship ties in Japan are weaker than those in southern China, and Confucianism is interpreted very differently in Japan than it is in Korea. Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan all have functioning democracies, and were the first to be industrialized. Singapore and Hong Kong have higher per capita incomes but are not democratic. The determining factors to influence the growth of democracy in Asia will be cultural issues and not

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