Compare And Contrast The First And Second Great Awakening

920 Words 4 Pages
Comparing the First and Second Great Awakening
Based on historical context, the First and Second Great Awakening left a legacy that greatly influences and transformed America that we all know as it is today. Religion, culture, and political structure are few of the many impacts that each movement created. Even though both movements have distinct characteristics, they share commonalities amongst each other. The Second Great Awakening was more prominent with promising ramification than the First Great Awakening.
The first Great Awakening is the first religious revivals that occurred in the colonial America. It began in the 1740s, spreading from the Middle Colonies to New England and later to Southern colonies. This revival period was a reaction
…show more content…
With the advance in the Industrial Revolution, people became disinterested in religion. Enthusiastic preachers desire to entice people to worship with their zealous and emotional sermons. They held large camp meetings that were hosted for a couple of days with intense preaching from several ministers including the famous Charles Finney. He rejected the predestination nation and preached the practice of free will and the choice of being a sinner or committed to the good works. This evangelical movement encourages participation in Methodist and Baptist denomination in the Protestant religion. The Second Great Awakening is the cause of America becoming a predominantly Protestant country. Through the teaching of good works that will get you to heaven along with God’s forgiveness, social reforms bloomed from this movement. It awoke the people on how the Industrial Revolution cause these social problems in urban society. This allowed both all economic status personnel to adopt the value of social activism and virtues of activism and ethics of hard work. Social Movements and organized social activism came from the Second Great Awakening. Social reforms such as the Temperance Movements and Prohibition and abolitionist movement which was dominated by majority organized women. Women involvement increased during this revival. According to David Goldfield’s American Flame, “By 1838, more than a hundred thousand citizens, half of them women, had distributed one million pieces of anti-slavery literature to the South,”. Though the Second Great Awakening spread to the North and South drastically, they both held distinct perspectives on the influence of slavery. In the North, this evangelical movement opened minds of people that slaves have the right to salvation and even freedom. However, in the South, conservative sermons came directly

Related Documents