S.NO SUB-TOPICS PAGE No.
1 Introduction - Antiseptic vs Disinfectant
2 Antiseptics • Definition • Mode of action of antiseptics • Examples of Antiseptics • Structure of Antiseptic
3 Disinfectants • Definition • Structure of Disinfectants • Mode of action of disinfectants • Examples of disinfectants • Applications of Disinfectant
INTRODUCTION - Antiseptic vs Disinfectant
Antiseptic and Disinfectant are made for destroying bacteria and killing germs. They may seem to be the same but there is one major difference between them. Antiseptics are used on living tissues …show more content…
Natural antiseptics have a wide range of applications with almost negligible side effects.
Some most common natural antiseptics and their applications are mentioned under:
• Lemon: The citrus juice in lemon makes it a good antiseptic. It has a positive effect on immune function system, digestive systems and circulatory system. It can use to sterilize the air by using few drops of its juice in a spray bottle because of its antibacterial qualities.
• Honey: Honey is used to prevent the infection of wounds due to presence of antibacterial agents. It kills the bacteria present in and around the wound. It can also be used for treating ulcers and burns, diarrhea etc.
• Pineapple: This fruit is rich in vitamin- A, C, and B, with manganese, which is useful in metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates. The presence of Bromelain enzyme in pineapple is used for digesting proteins and enhances medical antibiotics due to its antibacterial properties.
• Tea Tree Oil: it used as a skin disinfectant like athlete's foot, acne and wound healing.
• Lavender: Lavender is a natural antiseptic and astringent which helps with minor skin …show more content…
Some common examples of synthetic antiseptics are as follow.
1. Alcohols: Some alcohols like propanol (1-propanol, 2-propanol) ethanol and mixtures of alcohols act as good antiseptics. These alcoholic solutions commonly known as surgical alcohol and used for disinfection of skin before injection is used along with other antiseptics like tincture of iodine and chlorhexidine.
2. Quaternary ammonium compounds: These compounds can act as antibiotic as well as antiseptics also. For example; Benzethonium chloride. These compounds are commonly abbreviated as "Quats," and used to sterilize the skin before surgery or as preservative in eye drops.
3. Boric acid: It's a white crystalline solid, chemically known as orthoboric acid (H3BO3).
It is mainly used as suppository in the treatment of yeast infections in vagina, in eyewashes.
4. Hydrogen peroxide: The 20 volume solution of hydrogen peroxide acts as good antiseptic due to its oxidising nature and is used to clean wounds and ulcers. It is also present in many household’s first aid as it is used to cleanse wounds, disinfect skin, gargle or