Comparative Aspects Of Slavery And The United States And Brazil
The United States (U.S) and Brazil are two Western cultures that both went through a period in the 19th century where Africans worked as slaves. In the Southern U.S., slavery was high in the mid-1800s, but it was not abolished until the end of American Civil War in 1865 when the House passed the 13th Amendment. Like the U.S., Portuguese settlers also employed slaves, but slavery was not abolished until the late-1800s. Brazil had more slaves imported and they lived with brutal conditions, yet it was abolished without violence, compared to the United States. Slaves in both countries attempted to escape differently, too. These two foundations of slavery were different, yet similar in some ways, because they were based in different cultures. There were differences and similarities in both countries with early slavery, the religion of the slaves, and slave resistance.
The Southern U.S. had the largest slave community due to the Transatlantic Slave Trade. According to historian George Fredrickson, slavery occurred because wage labor was less efficient where there was plenty of land and scarcity of labor (Fredrickson, 1981). The escape alternative for workers leads to relatively high wages and mobile labor is incompatible. Slavery was an escape from the harsh possibilities of communist uprising and the relentless rivalry of laissez-faire capitalism (Tetlock et al., 1994). The…