Community Health Resource Paper :
Chronic illness is defined as “the irreversible presence, accumulation, or latency of diseased states that involve the total human environment for supportive care and self-care, maintenance of function, and prevention of further disability” (Curtin & Lubkin, 1995, p. 6). Though the specifics of this definition can be contentious, for the purposes of this paper, any disease which can be considered in these terms will be regarded as a chronic illness. As such, diseases which fulfill these parameters have the ability to significantly impact the health and wellbeing of the individual and those around them, and therefore must be considered within the nursing model.
Fibromyalgia Rheumatica is a common cause of disability in Canada, affecting one in one hundred Canadians, with women being affected four times as often as men (Lewis, 2014). It is characterized by chronic, non-articular, widespread musculoskeletal pain described as “burning” (Lewis, 2014). It is often accompanied by cognitive alterations, mood disturbances, anxiety, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue, migraine headaches, and irritable bowel syndrome (Lewis, 2014). Fibromyalgia Rheumatica is believed to be caused by neurotransmitter dysregulation, resulting in allodynia (Walker, 2016).
Chronic Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence is defined as the inability to consciously…