Common Symptoms Of Pneumonia

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As an emergency room nurse, pneumonia is a common diagnosis seen on an ordinary basis. The Mayo Clinic defines pneumonia as "infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs" (www.mayoclinic.org). Pneumonia can occur at any age. Frequent causes of pneumonia are bacteria, fungi, and a virus. Aspirating food and liquids can also cause pneumonia. This type of pneumonia is common in the elderly population due to dysphasia. The American Lung Association (2016) states that pneumonia is not caused by one single disease, and it could have more than 30 different causes. Common symptoms of pneumonia are: cough, fever, chills, pleuritic chest pain, and shortness of breath. Annual influenza vaccine, hand washing, and pneumococcal vaccine for …show more content…
Denies any history of smoking. Negative chest x-ray. No history or family history of tuberculosis or asthma. Respiratory rate 20. Respirations even and unlabored. No use of accessory muscles noted. Breathing relaxed and silent. No adventitious lung sounds. Cough, shortness of breath, hemoptysis, pursed-lip breathing, adventitious lung sounds, chest pain with breathing, tachypnea, infiltrates on chest x-ray Activity intolerance due to shortness of breath in the elderly.
The elderly that are sedentary and bedridden are at greater risk for respiratory problems.
Infants and children around smoking has increase risk for respiratory infections. Pneumonia can lead to respiratory failure and ARDS. The infection can also cause lung abscesses.
Integumentary Skin warm and dry. Skin color pinkish tan. Skin clammy and diaphoretic. Skin color, mucous membranes, and nail beds cyanotic. Cyanosis can be harder to detect in darker skin people. Cyanosis is a sign of hypoxemia.
Nervous Alert and oriented to person, place, time, and situation. Drowsy, lethargic, and confused. Elderly individuals are especially at risk for altered mental status. Pneumonia can lead to respiratory failure. The elevated Co2 levels can cause an altered mental status.

Assessment/Diagnostic Tests
Diagnostic Test Normal Findings Abnormal

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