Clinical Laboratory Test : Microbiology, Blood Banking, Clinical Chemistry And Hematology

1216 Words May 9th, 2015 null Page
Clinical laboratory professionals perform a wide range of tests to provide information for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Laboratory tests are classified into four major areas: microbiology, blood banking, clinical chemistry and hematology. Clinical laboratory professionals collect and process specimens, perform tests, analyze and interpret results, and report data. Each of these steps requires high standards of quality, accuracy and timeliness. Laboratory personnel are categorized into two major groups based on education, training, and the laboratory tests they can perform: medical technologists (MTs), and medical laboratory technicians (MLTs). The American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS) sets the education and training standards for MTs and MLTs. A technologist needs to have a baccalaureate degree and complete trainings in an accredited clinical laboratory scientist program. A technician needs to have an associate degree and complete trainings in an accredited clinical laboratory technician program. In clinical laboratories, MTs and MLTs perform different, but sometimes overlapping tasks. Under the CLIA regulations, clinical laboratory tests are classified into three categories: waived tests, moderate complexity tests, and high complexity tests. All the tests have standard protocols, but for each test, the levels of independence and judgement involved are different. CLIA regulations also determine personnel qualifications to perform these tests. MLTs…

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