Climatic Impact On The Environment

1500 Words 6 Pages
Register to read the introduction… also help anthropogenic factors in doing irreversible damage to the ecosystem. Therefore overall, the climatic changes which is a widely recognized factors of biodiversity damage is a major cause of concern of the world. Frequent floods in the Northern Gangetic plains and the deltas of Godavari,Krishna rejuvenate the soil of the area but the variability of rainfall with the increasing frequency of EL NINO and ENSO have effected the monsoon climate of the Indian Ocean. Newer areas are being subjected to floods and droughts or both at the same time which is impacting the agro ecological and agro-climatic zones necessitating changes in the cropping pattern and crop diversification.The recent experience of tsunamis have posed a greater problem to the environmentalists and the scientific community in terms of determining the nature and extent of destruction and its impact on marine and coastal ecosystem. Landslides, cloud bursts, avalanches in hilly areas like the one in Leh, Kumaon- Garhwal Himalayas have disrupted the top soil horizon and soil microbes …show more content…
Harvesting of plant and animals beyond sustainable limit has placed several species like pink headed duck, mountain quail in extinct list and brow-altered deer, yak , masked , hooded Crain in critical list of IUCN. Introduction of exotic species,genetically modified species can do great damage to the indigenous biodiversity if the database is not complete. Setting up of seed banks In Norway and India (Leh), focus on biofertilisers ,biopesticides, organic farming are a step towards re-establishing the indigenous biodiversity.

The conservation,protection and management of Biodiversity got a boost after the Rio summit of 1992 where the foundation of UN Conservation of Biodiversity was established. National Biodiversity Act 2002 was adopted to realize the objective of UN’s CBD 1992. The act aims to conserve,protect and preserve biodiversity , sustainable use of the components of biological diversity ,fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of utilization of genetic resources. It laid the way to the establishment of a number of National Parks, Wildlife sanctuaries , Marine Hotspots and biosphere
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India is also a signatory to the Ramsar Convention on wetlands ,CITES-Convention on International trade in Endangered Species,IUCN-International Union for Conservation Of nature and natural resource,IWC-International whaling convention,CMS-Convention on migratory species,UNESCO guidelines and Cartegena protocol on living modified organisms are a significant step towards conserving and managingthe future of Indian biodiversity.

The future of Indian Biodiversity solely rests upon our initiative towards fulfillment of the various guidelines in an organic manner and an integrated approach towards industrialization ,urbanization ,scientific innovation and conservation of biodiversity and environmental protection.It incorporates the wholistic approach by the social community,the political community,scientific community and the international

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