Classical Conditioning, Observational Learning, And Operant Condition

795 Words Oct 13th, 2016 4 Pages
Learning is a change in behavior, or thinking that results from our experiences, also including our habits. Learning is based on our experiences and also things learned by association. Associative learning occurs when an organism makes connections between stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. Reflexes and instincts are examples of those organisms, and we are born with them. Reflexes are neural reactions to a specific stimulus in an environment, and instincts are behaviors that are triggered by a range of events such as aging and seasonal changes. Conditioning is also a reaction to an object or event that can be changed by learning. In associative learning there are three learning processes; classical conditioning, observational learning, and operant condition. Moreover, classical conditioning is a process by which we learn to associate stimuli and eventually associate events, which is basically automatic behavior. Ivan Pavlov preformed a research experiment on the digestive system of dogs, which lead to the discovery of classical conditioning. Classical conditioning involves the unconscious process. In Pavlov’s experiment he collected samples of saliva from dogs, and noticed that the dogs would salivate at not only the taste of food but also the sight of food. In Pavlov’s experiment he discovered that the food itself is the unconditional stimulus. An unconditional stimulus is a stimulus that cannot be changed. He then used a natural stimulus, which was…

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