Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd ) Essay

715 Words Jan 1st, 2016 3 Pages
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disorder characterized by a reduction in airflow due to an abnormal inflammatory response in the lungs (Buttaro, Trybulski, Polgar Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). The inflammation response continues resulting in increased mucus production, loss of ciliary function, as well as airway wall thickening leading to airway edema (2013). Continued airway edema causes the reduction of inspiratory and expiratory airflow resulting in hypoxia and hypercapnia.
Risk factors for COPD include smoking, childhood respiratory infections, occupational exposure, airway hyperreactivity, air pollution, and exposure to smoke (Buttaro, Trybulski, Polgar Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). The incidence of COPD is higher in populations with poor nutrition, low socioeconomic status, and crowded living conditions. People with family members diagnosed with the condition are also at increased risk.
Diagnosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD usually presents in a patient as dyspnea on exertion that becomes worse over time. Other symptoms include a chronic cough and chronic sputum production. Diagnosis of COPD requires a complete patient health history, a physical assessment and diagnostic testing (Buttaro, Trybulski, Polgar Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) or the Modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) breathlessness scales are validated…

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