Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd ) Essay

1322 Words Nov 16th, 2015 6 Pages
“Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a life-threatening lung disease characterized inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing.” (World health organization 2015)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), includes asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema and is a “chronic non-curable disease”. (Long, M. B., Bekelman, D. B., & Make, B. 2014)
Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the airway structures, causing a cough (that lasts three months out of the year for two years), phlegm, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. (Corbridge, S., Wilken, L., Kapella, M. C., & Gronkiewicz, C. 2012)
Emphysema is “the destruction of lung tissue in which the walls of the air sacs are destroyed and causes difficulty breathing but no cough or phlegm.” (Corbridge, S et al., 2012)
“Both chronic bronchitis and emphysema together obstruct expiratory flow of air from lungs.” (Corbridge, S et al., 2012)
According to the Center for Disease Control, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is “the fourth leading cause of death in the United States”; causing more than 120,000 deaths a year. (Hall, M 2012)
According to the research smoking is the primary cause for COPD even though only approximately “15%-20% of people with COPD are smokers”. (Hall, M 2012)
“In the United States COPD affects 24 million People and results in 1.5 million emergency room visits, 725,000 hospital admissions and more than $32 billion…

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