Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd ) Essay

1549 Words Jan 20th, 2016 null Page
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease of the lungs that causes obstruction of the airways and results in a gradual decline in the function of the lung (Stark). COPD is typically a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD has been around for a very long time, however, in previous decades it was called something else. In 1679 physician Bonet called it, ‘voluminous lungs’. In 1814 Charles Badham was the first person to refer to ‘catarrh’, meaning chronic inflammation of the mucus membrane.
COPD most commonly affects those who have been smokers or those who currently smoke. Along with those who have asthma, secondhand smokers, and people exposed to an environment where pollution and chemicals are prevalent are also an “at risk” population. Some signs and symptoms that develop when the disease is progressing include frequent coughing, increased mucus production, SOB, wheezing, fatigue, and frequent flare ups. The body reacts to COPD with less airflow in and out of the airways. This results in less oxygen to the tissues and a buildup of CO2 waste, and therefore a person with COPD will have shortness of breath during activity. There are different ways to diagnose COPD. Some diagnostic tests include: pulmonary function test, chest x-ray, CT scan, and arterial blood gas analysis (COPD 2016). Pulmonary function tests can include a spirometer or pulse oximetry. A spirometer measures lung capacity and…

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