Christianity And The Roman Empire Essays

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Throughout the first three centuries, Christianity faced persecution from the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful and influential empires in history. Roman allies associated themselves with Roman traditions. Despite the division of the Roman Empire, Christians continued to be persecuted. Constantine, one of Caesar’s sons from the Tetrarchy, would go on to become emperor of Rome and challenged traditional beliefs. Under the rule of Constantine, he implemented a series of reforms such as the edict of Milan, Nicene Creed and changes in the culture of Rome, shifted the empire’s paganist ideology toward a Christian one.
Christians under the reigns of Diocletian and Galerius, were not allowed to practice their religion freely. Christianity was a young religion and its ideology was distinctive compared to older religions. Romans saw this monotheistic religion as a threat to the principle of religious toleration and s an epiphenomenon. “Their polytheism was warm and ancestral. They associated their gods with family, state and success”. (Dutton, Marchand, & Harkness, 178). The traditional religion of the Roman Empire was paganism. Christianity was seen as threat because it threatened the stability of the empire because they refused to worship the popular Gods of the time. Many emperors believed in many of the Roman and Greek Gods. However, during 312 AD, people in the western side of the empire began to notice the rise of a new dominant religion.
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