Chili Peppers Essay

1328 Words 6 Pages
Table of contents
1. Introduction
2. General information
3. History
4. Morphology
5. Active constituents
6. Therapeutic uses
7. Toxicity
8. Safety aspects
9. Side effects
10. Contraindication
Introduction
Early modern voyagers to America, including the Central America, parts of Peru, and Chile, found so many forms of peppers, amongst of them were the very hot ones. In Spain, the very hot peppers are usually called ‘chili’, the meaning is gotten from the country Chile, and in India they are normally called peppers.
In the United States, certain many varieties of the hot peppers are normally called chili peppers.
Most of the different varieties of pepper referred to as the chili peppers that belong to C. annuum L. However, some other varieties
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• In GIT disorders: Intestinal gas, cramps, upset stomach, stomach pain, diarrhea etc.
• In cardiovascular disorders: Prevents heart disorders, improves blood circulation, excessive blood clotting and helps decrease blood cholesterol.
• In skin: Due to its counter irritant property some people apply capsicum to the skin in different forms like ointments, plasters etc. to treat rheumatism, shingles, lumbago, shingles, osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia. Capsicum is also used on the skin to relieve or suppress muscle spasms, as a gargle for laryngitis, and to discourage thumb-sucking in children or nail-biting.
• In neuronal disorders: It is used to relieve nerve pain related with diseases like diabetes, HIV, fibromyalgia and back pain etc.
• As an analgesic: Some people put capsicum inside the nose to treat hay fever, cluster headache, and sinus infections (sinusitis).
• In self-defense sprays: Due to the unbearable burning sensation when in contact with mucous membranes, it is used to spray in the eyes to protect one during self-defense. It causes intense irritation and immediate blindness to the person is it sprayed on for at least 30 minutes with no permanent
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No chronic side effects have been reported, but applying in the nose can be extremely painful. Nasal application can also cause burning pain, constant sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose. These side effects normally decrease and go away after 5 days or more of repeated use.

Contraindications: Capsicum frutescens has been contraindicated in people with duodenal ulcers because of its stimulation of stomach acid. External use is contraindicated in places where the skin surface is open. It should not be used in open wounds or around the eyes. It can cause severe burns and blisters in its undiluted form. Use with caution during pregnancy. Co-administration of capsicum frutescens and theophylline may increase the level of theophylline. It may also cause coughing linked with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors.
It is again contraindicated in those with hypersensitivity, women who are lactating and in children.

References
Berger A, Henderson M, Nadoolman W, Duffy V, Cooper D, Saberski L, Bartoshuk L. Oral capsaicin provides temporary relief for

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