Childhood Poverty Affects Native And Immigrant Children Essay

2040 Words Apr 25th, 2016 9 Pages
Childhood poverty is known as a “determinant of a wide range of negative socioeconomic outcomes from lower educational achievement and behavioral problems to lower earnings in the labor market.” Few researchers have focused on whether childhood poverty affects native and immigrant children differently. In this article, George Borjas focused on the poverty rate and the poverty rate of participation in public assistance programs. He found that the program participation rate is much higher for immigrant children than for native children. I will use this information to compare the differences in immigrant and native children living in poverty. For example, nearly half of immigrant children are living in households that receive some type of public assistance compared to about one-third of native children. “In the past four decades, the foreign-born share of the U.S. population grew from 4.7 percent to 12.9 percent – an increase that presages rapid growth in the next few decades in the number of children born in the United States with at least one foreign-born parent.” Poverty during childhood is crucial to socioeconomic outcomes in the short and long run. For instance, there is evidence that shows growing up in a poor household can affect a child’s academic achievement. Likewise, there is a strong and negative correlation to the probability that a child graduates from high school. Childhood poverty extends further than academic achievement. For example, poor children experience…

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