Child Welfare System Accords With The Policy Goals Essay

1728 Words Nov 27th, 2016 7 Pages
Taken together, Figure 1 and Table 1 support the idea that a primary focus on outcomes of achieving legal permanence for children in the U.S. child welfare system accords with the policy goals. However, as children and youth move from foster care to legal permanency there is a limited understanding of their well-being and excludes a large proportion of children and families who are directly impacted by the child welfare system. Although extant research has shown that the vast majority of children who have exited foster care through adoption or guardianship remain with their newly formed state sanctioned families (Festinger, 2002; Festinger, 2006; Rolock & White, in press; Rolock & White, 2016), little is known about the post-permanency well-being of these children. Conversely, research has consistently demonstrated youth who age-out of foster care fare poorly on a range of well-being outcomes across key well-being indicators , such as housing insecurity, underemployment, lack of access to mental health services and health care, likely to rely on public assistance, and experience incarceration (Courtney et al., 2011; Kerman, Wildfire, & Barth, 2002; Tweddle, 2007). Similar research is needed to understand the long-term outcomes for families formed through adoption or guardianship.
How is well-being defined?
Results from a systematic literature review of research on well-being of youth involved in public systems – child welfare, juvenile justice, education, and public…

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