Child Abuse Theory

1156 Words 5 Pages
In, 2013, about 1,500 children died from abuse and neglect in the United States. There are also over half a million children reportedly abused yearly. Children who are abused come from many different family dynamics and can be abused at any stage, often times children begin being abused under the age of five. The longer children are abused for the more likely that abuse will translate into stages of their lives as they develop mentally and physically. It is very harmful in the sense where children may experience a range of emotional and psychological issues and trauma as a result of that abuse that effect each child differently.
Children are more physically vulnerable to injury than adults as their bodies are still at the stages of development
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Erikson’s theory was greatly influenced by Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, however, he was primarily focused on the role that culture, society and conflicts played on ones ego. This ego supposedly develops as it resolves predicaments that are distinctly social. Through those predicaments, it will establish a sense of trust in other people, establish a sense of identity in society and help develop others in the future. Erikson’s theory mainly focuses on the stages of personality development that includes one’s full life span.
This lifespan model of development is five stages up to the age of 18 years and three more stages past that into maturity. Even though he emphasizes that there is development in adulthood, the majority of development is during the adolescent phase of life. In Erikson’s theory of development, the eight stages are:
1. Trust vs. mistrust, between birth and 18
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During stage one (infancy) and stage two (early childhood) are expected to create a trusting relationship with the mothering figure and then begin gaining some independence with the environment. However, if the child is being abused, it will force it into a defensive state of regression, not allowing them to mature in a way to gain such independence because they will also be in an inferior circumstance. Consequently, the child being abuse may very well remain in infancy mentally while in their early childhood stages through the defense mechanism. In later stages four (school age) and five (adolescence) children are expected to develop more sort of self-confidence through interaction in school such as learning in the classroom, competitions and performance and receive recognition from their significant other, which should be their parents, while also continuing development where it allows them to form an identity. However, since the child is being abused if will be forced in a family dynamic that doesn’t encourage any power relationship that doesn’t put the abuser at the top. The child will also begin to mimic the actions of the abuser, creating a defensive state of displacement where they will abuse their significant other in the

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