Summary Of Erikson's Eight Stages Of Development

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Erik Erikson was a Neo-Freudian who deeply influenced intellectual thinking on the subject of human development. Erikson used Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages and expanded on it in with less emphasis on sexual urges and more on social influences that humans are exposed to. Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory involves eight psychosocial stages based on age and the different things we go through socially as we grow. According to Sigelman and Rider(2014), the eight stages of Erikson’s theory starts with Trust vs. Mistrust where a newborn to the age of one learns to trust that their guardian will give them what they need. If the caregiver does not meet the child’s need at this stage of development, they could be effected in the future …show more content…
Guilt. They start to develop whether they have the drive to start big projects and if they do not develop the ability to show initiative than the child will show guilt and be submissive to other kids during activities and games. Stage four is the battle of Industry vs. Inferiority when children start to feel the need to keep up with their peers and successfully learn new social and educational skills around the ages six to twelve years old. If they do not feel they have mastered the skills necessary to be up to par with everyone else than they could develop a sense of inferiority. The last stage of development ends at age eighteen where kids are becoming adults and start to battle with Identity vs. Role Confusion. Adolescents start to try and develop their identity and ask who they are and where they fit in. They answer that question by assessing the outcomes of their various explorations including body, mind, and …show more content…
My parents had just divorced and my mom became very travel-oriented. I went to at least 4 different high schools so my social skills were very high due to the fact of having to make new friends almost constantly. I struggled with my identity a little because I was being thrown into new situations all the time so I felt the need to fit in wherever I was. Eventually by the time I turned seventeen, I had a general idea of what I wanted to do with my life and the kinds of people I wanted to be around.
Overall, I believe my identity today was deeply influenced by each of these five stages which include Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, and Identity vs. Role Confusion. They all impact my decisions in different ways but are all very important. I think Erik Erikson’s theory is a very well-thought out process and can definitely be applied to every human being in a different way each

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