Child Abuse And Diagment: Two Types Of Traumatization?

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Types of Traumatization
Types of trauma to be discussed in this section are child abuse and neglect, bullying, rape/sexual assault, and teen dating violence. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) defines child abuse as “the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare under circumstances which indicate that the child’s health or welfare is harmed or threatened” (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2014, p.1). Under the umbrella of child abuse there is child physical abuse, emotional/psychological abuse, sexual abuse, neglect.
Neglect refers to the deficit of meeting a child’s basic needs and those
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322) whereas sexual assault is defined as “any sex-related behaviors on a continuum from unwanted sexual contact through sexual intercourse and involves violence” (p. 322). There are two types of sexual assault they are stranger sexual assault and acquaintance sexual assault (Frieze, 2005). Research states that the majority of adolescent assaults are perpetrated by an acquaintance of the victim (Young, Grey, & Boyd, 2009). Secondly, those acquaintance sexual assaults are committed by friends, friends of friends, and peers victims who met in a social context (Young et al., 2009). Third, there are differences seen between stranger and acquaintance sexual assault such as stranger rapes are likely to involve force and weapons which results in more physical harm to the victim, rapes done by someone known to the victim are not reported, and those who are raped by a stranger are more likely to seek help and to report the attack to the polices (Frieze, 2005). Patricia Easteal provided examples of stories from women who were either raped or sexually assaulted (1994). They are seen in the following …show more content…
Research indicates that sexual dating aggression occurs when a dating partner forces the other partner into engaging in a sexual act that he or she does not consent to whether that individual says no or he or she is unable to give consent for example, intoxication (McNaughton et al., 2013). Results in the study done by McNaughton et al (2013) indicated that results suggest that risk for sexual dating aggression onset tends to increase across early adolescence, peaking in the 10th grade, involvement in early physically aggressive behaviors towards peers and dates is more strongly predictive of sexual aggression onset among teens who report higher levels of rape myth acceptance, and risks of sexual dating violence onset decreases in late adolescence because on average there has been a gain in social, emotional, and intellectual maturity allowing them to realize the negative impact that such aggression has on their future romantic

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