Essay on Charles Orwell 's Brave New World And Nineteen Eighty Four

1581 Words Aug 14th, 2015 7 Pages
Pleasure versus Pain: Totalitarianism in Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four
For decades, the dystopian genre has grown in popularity, and is often used to express the philosophies and opinions of their authors. Two authors, Aldous Huxley and George Orwell, expressed their fears through their critically acclaimed dystopian novels. Both Huxley’s Brave New World and Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four are established in totalitarian regimes, where the government controls every aspect of the citizen’s lives. While both stories have many similarities, they differ in their control mechanism; pleasure for the citizens of the World State, and pain for the citizens of Oceania. These two very different methods seek to evoke two opposing emotions – happiness and fear. Throughout both of the novels, it is demonstrated that fear is the greatest motivator, making it the more powerful manipulator for a dictatorship. The people of the World State have no need to think, whereas those in Oceania fear thinking. In the World State, they are conditioned to love, and in Oceania, they are conditioned to hate. These and the reality of human nature all demonstrate the government’s methods of control, and show the efficiency of a fear-based dictatorship. While free will is thought to be fundamental to all other rights and freedoms, freedom of thought forms the basis of free will. In both BNW and 1984, there is no thought amongst the citizens – the difference being that in the World State, there is…

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