Characteristics Of Society

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Question. Define society and explain the features and essentials of society.
Answer. Society is referred to a group of people living together as a community having a common norm or value. These values shape the behaviour of people that are living in that community and are expected to follow the behaviour which is acceptable in that society. If a person in that society does not follow these norms or values then they are considered as the deviant members of the society and these people are then punished according to the level of their deviancy. The members who follow the norms of that society are considered as respectable members of society and are deemed upon as examples to follow. Each member in this society are dependent on each other and
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The thing that binds these people together is the shared set of norms and values they have. When people share these norms and every individual in that society follow these traditions, then it becomes as a tradition in that society and once it becomes a tradition, it becomes the culture of that society and is passed on from generation to generation forming a cultural heritage.

Social in-correction and feelings of togetherness:
For a healthy society to work, it is important for the people of that society to develop a feeling of togetherness and a sense of belonging and trust. These feelings help people rely more on each other and helps in the social co-operation to increase. A society that depends on each-other and is socially more connected becomes a more healthier and stronger society which is united.

Some of the factors that may influence a society can include biological, geographical and cultural factors.

Biological
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Health, belief, income, culture are all affected by the topography of a particular area. One such example of this can be a desert land. The topography of a desert does not support a settled society and thus people tend to live less there, this means very few societies live in a desert because of a range of problems such as lack of infrastructure or water shortage and the dry weather which does not support much life. Another example can be the topographical feature of an alluvial terrace which is so rich and fertile and people tend to live in that area since the weather in such areas is bearable, water is available, it’s a plain land so infrastructure can be made and much more facilities can be easily provided in that area. The health of the people living in an alluvial plain will also be much better than those living in deserts. So this is how geographical factors may affect

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