Cbt for Psychosis Essay

4501 Words Feb 7th, 2012 19 Pages
CBT for Psychosis

Introduction

Psychosis (Psyche – Greek for the mind or soul; -osis referring to abnormal condition) is a general umbrella term for mental states traditionally characterised by a loss of contact with reality, during which sufferers may experience episodes of hallucinations and delusional thinking, distorted thoughts or behaviours, even personality changes. Current criteria for diagnosis includes experiencing one or more symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behaviour, negative symptoms; disturbed social cognition and functioning, bizarre behaviour, emotional labiality (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).
Traditionally treatment and conceptualisation of
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To bridge this gap, psychological interventions have endeavoured to explain psychotic symptoms in relations to psychological rather biological processes. Current literature (Chadwick, Birchwood & Trower, 1996; Freeman & Garety, 2000; Garety, Kuipers, Fowler, Freeman & Bebbington, 2001; Green, Williams and Hemsley, 2000; Morrison, Wells & Nothrard, 2000) specifically within cognitive behavioural framework, suggests that responses to unusual experiences can be influenced by such factors as appraisals of the events, and the impact of pre morbid belief systems and emotional experiences.

It would be difficult to discuss the full breadth of cognitive behavioural approaches to psychosis in the limited space available here. Therefore the author will look briefly look at empirical evidence for the role of cognitive biases, schemas, affect and appraisal of psychotic experiences in the maintenance of symptoms, and whether empirical evidence for the presents a coherent conceptualisation of psychotic experiences.

Hallucinations and Delusions on a Continuum of Human Experience.

There is evidence that suggests that experiences such as

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