Causes Of Human Smugglingking And Human Trafficking

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2. What are the causes of human smuggling and human trafficking? What patterns are there in the movement of various groups of people across the globe? How are these crimes representative of the free market and globalization?

Globalization is believed to have made the world “a smaller place”. Due to development of global economy and transportation many are able to easily travel the world. Nevertheless, the new reality is such, that this freedom to travel the world is the privilege of the people from the Global North. People from the developing world, on the other hand, are still facing huge difficulties going abroad. Economic constrictions, unemployment, persecution, violence in their countries and even boredom have always pushed people to seek better lives in other countries. But modern reality leaves many migrants from poor countries few choices, but to migrate illegally. (Franko, 2013, p.37) Developed countries that draw migrants by higher quality of life are trying to limit the number
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Human trafficking is illegal transport of individuals against their will for profit – the buying and selling of individuals as property. Human smuggling is illegal transportation of people across borders for money. (Fichtelberg, 2008, p. 230) The important difference between two, is that people are being smuggled voluntarily and pay the smugglers for the operation, whereas victims of human trafficking are rarely aware of being smuggled at the beginning of the operations. They are lured in by the criminals by the promise of better life, deceptive marriage offers or job prospects. Especially females could also be sold to traffickers by their families (especially in Asia, where daughters are not considered worthy of keeping). Afterwards they are forced into sex slavery, prostitution, domestic labor or other forms of indentured servitude, to repay the traffickers for the

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