Essay about Causes And Treatment Of Placenta Previa

1551 Words Mar 13th, 2016 7 Pages
I. DISEASE DESCRIPTION
Placenta previa occurs when the placenta lies low and covers all or part of the cervix. In normal pregnancy, the placenta will implant into the top or side of the uterus. With placenta previa, the placenta attaches closer to the bottom of the uterus. The placenta can be implanted so low that there is a risk for bleeding to the mother when the cervix dilates. Placenta previa is diagnosed into different classifications. With complete placenta previa, the placenta covers the entire cervical opening. In marginal placenta previa the placenta is measured through ultrasound and is determine to be 2.5 cm or closer to the internal orifice. Those diagnosed with placenta previa are also at a greater risk for placenta abruption. Placenta abruption is a detachment of part or all if the placenta from the uterus. Placenta abruption can occur after 20 weeks and before the baby is born (Perry, 2014). “Placenta previa affects approximately 1 in 200 women with pregnancies at term (Perry, 2014, p. 326).”
It is not fully understood what causes the incorrect implantation of he placenta, but there are women who have a greater incidence of the condition. Simply being a multipara may put women at risk. Women with a history of having placenta previa in the past are likely to have reoccurring episodes. Cesarean sections leave scar tissue on the uterine wall that also increases the risk of improper implantation of the placenta. Other risk factors include: advanced material age…

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