Causes And Treatment Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease of the lungs that causes obstruction of the airways and results in a gradual decline in the function of the lung (Stark). COPD is typically a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD has been around for a very long time, however, in previous decades it was called something else. In 1679 physician Bonet called it, ‘voluminous lungs’. In 1814 Charles Badham was the first person to refer to ‘catarrh’, meaning chronic inflammation of the mucus membrane.
COPD most commonly affects those who have been smokers or those who currently smoke. Along with those who have asthma, secondhand smokers, and people exposed to an environment
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According to the pharmaceutical company GlaskoSmithKline (GSK), the most common cause of COPD is smoking. Cigarette and other tobacco smoke causes 80-90% of all cases (COPD, 2016). Therefore, the primary prevention for this disease is to avoid cigarette smoke and/or to cease smoking if one is a current user. Other known causes of COPD are dust, chemical fumes, and air pollution (Explore, 2013). Prevention for these causes may be a little harder to avoid due to one’s work or living environment. For example, if someone lived in a city they might be exposed to more air pollution that someone who lived in a rural area. To best prevent these causes, individuals would want to take precautions such as wearing OSHA approved personal protective equipment at work and while working with chemicals, daily/weekly house cleaning, and avoiding as many lung irritants as possible. Once a patient has been diagnosed with COPD, preventions are used to slow down the progression of the disease (Explore, 2013). These preventions may also include flu and pneumonia vaccines (Explore, …show more content…
Although COPD is not curable, there are treatments to decrease the symptoms. Through medication, rehabilitation exercises, and possibly even lifestyle changes, the patient may be able to achieve normal breathing. There is no cure for COPD, but it can be prevented. Education of the risk factors for the disease, such as smoking, can help prevent the disease. For people diagnosed with COPD, there are organizations and support groups to aid with coping with the disease and changes on

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