Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Case Study

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“Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a life-threatening lung disease characterized inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing.” (World health organization 2015)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), includes asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema and is a “chronic non-curable disease”. (Long, M. B., Bekelman, D. B., & Make, B. 2014)
Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the airway structures, causing a cough (that lasts three months out of the year for two years), phlegm, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. (Corbridge, S., Wilken, L., Kapella, M. C., & Gronkiewicz, C. 2012)
Emphysema is “the destruction of lung tissue in which the walls of the air sacs are destroyed and causes difficulty breathing
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Long, M. B., Bekelman, D. B., & Make, B. (2014). Improving Quality of Life in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease by Integrating Palliative Approaches to Dyspnea, Anxiety, and Depression. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 16(8), 514-520.

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World health organization

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