Cancer Treatments Essay

1276 Words May 23rd, 2014 6 Pages
Cancer Treatments
Theresa Nelson
COM 156
Dr. Patricia Lally

Cancer Treatments
In the past, just saying the word "cancer" usually meant a death sentence. That assumption could not be more wrong with the medical technology of today. New cancer treatment options coupled with early detection have strongly diminished the number of deaths from a cancer diagnosis. New evidence shows that treating not just the body but the mind and the soul can go a long way in the amount of time a person can live with cancer. In 2013, Lung cancer and breast cancer were the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United
States(Encyclopedia Brittanica, 2014). Lung cancer symptoms do not show themselves until the disease hits a
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The drugs target damaged cells that have gone rogue and divide uncontrollably, it is these cells that cause cancer (JAMA,2013). While there are over 100 types of drugs being used in chemotherapy for various cancers, a number of them can be administered in many different ways (Mainehealth,2012). While most patients opt for the Intravenous method, this treatment can also be administered by shot, pill, liquid or cream, giving patients a variety of options to choose from that will suit his or her individual needs.
Radiation or "radiotherapy" is the use of high-energy particles or waves that kill damaged cells (JAMA,2013). Primarily used to treat cancer, radiation can be used for non-cancer conditions, as well. The goal of the treatment is to target the cancer by using a specific amount of radiation aimed directly at a specific tumor in the hopes of shrinking it. Often considered more invasive form of treatment, radiation patients are monitored closely by Radiation Oncologists, Medical Oncologists and Medical Physicists to make sure that the amount of exposure is kept at a minimum. The treatments can usually last several days and the side effects can vary but research has found that the treatment is very effective with most cancer patients. Tumors will either shrink dramatically or disappear altogether and the patient can go into remission. While remission may not be permanent, remission

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