Can Hydropower Meet The Electrical Energy Needs? The United States And China For The Coming Decades?

1039 Words Oct 20th, 2016 5 Pages
Hydropower is power that is generated from a dam by making water fall from a certain height behind the dam to a power plant that is lower in height. As a result, the water behind the dam has gravitational potential energy, which is converted to kinetic energy as it falls to the power plant. The power plant uses its turbines to convert the kinetic energy to electrical energy. In this assignment, we are figuring out “to what extent can hydropower meet the electrical energy needs in the United States and China for the coming decades?”. Essentially, we need to calculate the amount of energy hydropower that can be practically generated and see if it can satisfy the electrical energy demand of the US and China. In addition, we need to find out if it is possible to make enough dams to fulfill the demand in both countries without negatively impacting the environment. This is an important issue to address because we are trying to replace fossil fuels as our primary source of energy due to its negative consequences on the environment, such as climate change and air pollution. Finding a renewable source that can satisfy our electrical energy demands and is environmental friendly would decrease these negative consequences on the environment. According to the U.S. Department of Energy’s website (www.eia.gov), the total electricity net consumption in the United States is 3868 billion kilowatt-hours while China’s is 4882 billion kilowatt-hours in the year 2013; this is equal to…

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