# Potential energy

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for use in our everyday lives is through hydroelectric power generation. This process involves using natural waterfalls or building dams to utilize the falling water to turn turbines. The reason why this process is possible is because of motion. Motion is the conversion of movement into useable energy, in this case to power of the turbines and generate electricity. Motion is affected by displacement (the final difference in position), instantaneous initial velocity and instantaneous final velocity (the rate of change in position), acceleration (the rate of change of velocity) and time. Each of these variables are interrelated as one can be calculated as long as three others are known. Newton’s…

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The purpose of this experiment was to understand kinetic and potential energy and verify the Law of Conservation of Energy. Kinetic and potential energy are both forms of energy that usually coincide with each other; potential energy usually changes into kinetic energy and vice versa. While potential energy results from an object’s position or arrangement of parts, kinetic energy results from an object’s motion. Together, the sum of an object’s kinetic energy and the potential energy at that…

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Conservation of Mechanical Energy Anupama Cemballi Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH 44106-7079 Abstract: Gravitation Potential Energy: Introduction and Theory: Gravitational potential energy is the potential energy an elevated object has due to the force of gravity. Potential energy is the stored energy an object has dependent upon its position. Near the surface of the Earth, the gravitational acceleration of an object is 9.8m/s^2. There is no uncertainty…

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Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy Math Exploration 2/14/2018 Part 1: Finding Kinetic and Potential Energy Directions: For each situation, you need to determine if the object has KE or GPE or both. Then find their values. Be sure to include the correct units. 1. A 2-kg bowling ball sits on top of a building that is 40 meters tall. Circle one: KE / GPE / both Show your work for finding the values of each type of energy the object has: The ball is not moving and is at a height above…

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Kinetic and potential energy play an essential role in the segments or phases in a heating or cooling graph representing an exothermic or endothermic process. Kinetic energy is the energy of a system that is in motion of the particles in the system. Potential energy is the energy of a system in which it represents the arrangement of the particles of the system. Kinetic energy and potential energy never increase or decrease at the same time, however, when one energy is changing the other remains…

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Energy is the ability to work, more, or elicit change in matter. Energy cannot be formed or impaired; it’s always preserved. Potential energy is a kind of spared energy that objects have because of their position or configuration. Energy comes in many forms, and can be converted from one form to another. Kinetic energy is energy of mass in motion, and the formula is E=1/2mv^2. The most important property of kinetic energy in the ability to do work, and it can be transferred from one body to…

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Unit Three: Energy Our universe is made up of matter and energy. Matter is made up of anything that has mass and takes up space where energy allows the ability to do work or have the ability to move or elicit change in matter. In other words, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other independent objects or be converted into different forms. It is described as “a system to perform work.” We have two different types of energy; kinetic and potential energy. Kinetic energy is…

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Harnessing the Power of Wind: The Potential of Wind Energy in the United States We live in a society obsessed with technology and consumed by its ever-increasing need for energy. Currently, Americans rely heavily on three main fossil fuel technologies (oil, natural gas, coal) to power their energy-consuming devices. Not only are these fuel technologies harmful to the environment, since they release large amounts of pollutants, but they are also finite (more so oil and natural gas).…

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INTRODUCTION • Energy is a scalar quantity. • It was first hypothesized by Newton to express kinetic and potential energies. • We cannot observe energy directly, but we can measure it using indirect methods and analyze its value. • Energy may be in different forms, such as potential, kinetic, magnetic or electrical. Potential energy of a system is by virtue of its location with respect to gravitational field. If an object has a mass m, located at elevation h, and acceleration due to gravity is…

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First, Energy has multiple forms that can switch different states. The two most common forms of energy are, Kinetic and Potential Energy. Kinetic Energy is the energy created when an object is in motion. It can be transferred between two objects if the object has enough energy, therefor it can be from of a collision. Kinetic energy can also be elastic or inelastic energy, however Potential Energy is an energy, but is potentially created before Kinetic Energy. Both types of energy are measured in…

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