Building On The Work Of Huxley, Tinbergen ( 1963 ) Essay

1917 Words Nov 8th, 2016 8 Pages
Building on the work of Huxley, Tinbergen (1963) formulated four questions to tap into how organisms were structured and why they evolved the way they did (p. 411). Evolutionary questions typically fall into the why group as they address the ultimate levels of inference. Conversely, questions of ontology seek developmental answers for observable changes. Psychology is primarily concerned with the individual level of analysis, but in the case evolutionary psychology the theoretical and practical lines are much more blurred. This paper will provide a roadmap for the main positions held by evolutionary psychology while criticizing some of its key assumptions and theoretical blunders. Developmental issues will be frequently brought up to highlight key differences that still exist between the two fields. Although theoretical efforts have been made to integrate developmental and evolutionary psychology, their key assumptions are significantly different to make model creation and integration a difficult task. Examples of individual model differences (MMH and DST) and an integrated model (EDP) will be used to illustrate this point.
Evolutionary psychology stands on shaky theoretical grounds and offers a simplified version of reality. For a long time, the central dogma and genocentric notions about behavior and anatomy formed an inappropriate theoretical framework for evolutionary explanations. The central dogma proposed a simple causal relationship from genes to traits. Genes…

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