Brazil History

2136 Words 9 Pages
Multicultural and multiethnic society has been the cornerstone of the Brazilian people since early 20th century. Brazil is best known throughout the world for Carnival. The Friday to the Tuesday before the beginning of lent is when Carnival occurs. The celebration and festivities express during Carnival is a simple expression of Brazil’s rich history, diverse people and customs, systematic government, and political system that immerses itself in world affairs and events that add to the lure of this glorious country. Through the people and resources, that the land can provide its nation and the world is what forged Brazil’s vibrant history. Brazilian history begins when the early indigenous people crossed the Bering land bridge 30,000 …show more content…
The progression of the Brazilian political system from monarchy to democracy tested the country’s resilience. Brazil was a monarchy ran country up until their independence in 1822. Following the independence there was an onslaught of political parties rising up in the country trying to hold power. In 1840, even though Brazil was independent, the nation decided to adopt the British base model of politics and make Dom Pedro II the emperor of Brazil. While in power, Dom Pedro II set up only a two-party system, conservatives and liberals. The emperor appointed the governors and under the power given to him in the 1824 constitution, the legislative branch of government was elected indirectly. This meant that the Emperor held all the power to put people in the halls of government and absolutely secured his everlasting reign as Emperor. However, in the 1880s, with the tide of war climbing the footsteps of the nation the political stability of Brazil was in jeopardy. The old system was inadequate to deal with the military demands and the pressure to free the slaves. In 1891, under a new constitution, Brazil went in a more democratic direction with the president, National Congress, state governors, legislatures, and local officials where all elected through direct election. This was the first time in Brazil’s history that all of its leaders where elected …show more content…
Brazil’s structure of government is composed of three branches: the Legislature, Executive, and Judicial. The executive branch sets the laws for each of the 26 states. The elected president is the head of the executive branch. In Brazil to run for presidency you must be a native of Brazil and be at least 35 years old. Each president can only hold a term for four years with an option for reelection for another four years. As the leader of the executive branch the president has the power to appoint some 48,000-government positions to confident, professional, and moral personal. The legislature branch in Brazil derives from 512 members of the Chamber of Deputies and 81 members of the Senate. The legislature branch’s primary mission is to make laws and vote on political seats, such as the judges for the Supreme Court. The judicial branch of government is a combination of federal, state, and municipal courts. Each state has its own Supreme Court that is subjected to the overall ruling of the federal courts. The two highest courts in the country of Brazil are the Federal Court of Appeals and the Superior Court of Justice. State government in Brazil is overall responsible for the state highway system, low-cost housing programs, building permits and titles for new infrastructures, transit police departments, and telephone communications. State and local government are both responsible for primary and

Related Documents