Botticelli : The Goddess Of Love, Beauty, And Fertility Essay

1884 Words Nov 30th, 2016 8 Pages
Whether in sculpture or in painting, Venus finds her way into countless works of art. The goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, the nude Venus is a common motif that may represent a number of ideas: chastity, the sin of sexuality, or Neo-Platonic interpretations of love. Botticelli is no stranger to the use of Venus in art; three of his paintings – Birth of Venus, Primavera, and Venus and Mars – depict Venus as the central figure. However, very little is known about the backgrounds of these paintings; their patron, provenance, and purpose largely remain a mystery, leaving questions about how Botticelli views Venus and how he intended his audience to view Venus. As a widely discussed figure in art, Venus is sometimes used to repress or shame female sexuality, and she therefore serves as a warning to women. Yet Venus can also be used to empower women, and that seems to be the case with Botticelli’s Venus and Mars. In Venus and Mars, Botticelli reverses the accepted roles of men and women, placing the power with Venus instead of Mars. Because little is known about the background of Venus and Mars, it is helpful to explore Botticelli’s history. Born Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, Botticelli soon grew restless with his learning, so his father placed Botticelli in an apprenticeship with a goldsmith. There, he had close contact with painters, soon realizing that painting was his true calling, and he became a pupil of Fra Fillippo of Carmine. His early works were church…

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