Borderline Personality Disorders: A Case Study

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In a 2012 study that tested the effect that dialectical behavior therapy has on borderline personality disorder, 180 adults (between 18 and 60 years old) that met the DSM criteria for BPD were assigned to either dialectical behavior therapy or general psychiatric management (GPM). After 12 months of treatment with DBT, the number of emergency room visits (for anything, not just suicidal behavior) decreased by about 25 percent; the number of emergency room visits that were related to suicidal behavior decreased by about 28 percent. In addition, the average number of days in a psychiatric hospital decreased by approximately 18 percent; from an average of 11 visits to an average of four. The average number of psychiatric admissions
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The inclusion requirements were: a BPD diagnosis which was determined by two semi-structured diagnostic interviews, their age was between 18 and 45 years old, their Clinical Global Impression Scale for Borderline Personality Disorder scores were ≥4. The study also had exclusion criteria which were as follows: comorbidity with schizophrenia, organic brain syndrome, drug-induced psychosis, bipolar disorder, mental retardation, current major depressive episode, post-traumatic stress disorder, or current substance or alcohol abuse or dependence; major medical illness (based on medical history and physical examination); current structured psychotherapy; or participation in any other study that has similar characteristics. All patients were receiving pharmacological treatment during the study; types and doses of the medications were not changed at all during the study or in the prior month (Feliu-Solier, Pascual, Borràs, Portella, Martín-Blanco, Armario, Alvarez, Pérez, & Soler, …show more content…
Stephan Doering, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Munster in Germany, and some of his colleagues. The study had 104 participants, all of which were women between the ages of 18 and 45, who had been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. The study was supposed to take place for one year, however, only 49 of the 104 participants completed the entire year of therapy. Even though not all of the participants finished the entire course of treatment, 42 percent of the participants no longer met the criteria for BPD after the completion of the treatment. In addition to no longer meeting the diagnosis requirements for BPD, the participants also showed a decrease in suicidal behavior and actions, and an improvement in their interpersonal relationships at work (Hoermann,

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