Blood Transfusions And The Human Body Essay

1129 Words Oct 12th, 2016 5 Pages
One out of three people will need blood in their lifetime, so whether it is a friend, family member, or colleague, everyone will know someone who is in need of a blood transfusion or donation. One organ donor can save up to eight lives and affect the lives of more than 50 people with their donation(s), which can can help lessen the statistics of 22 people dying every day waiting for a transplant.
The history of blood transfusions connects back to physician William Harvey discovering the circulation in blood in the human body in 1682. It was about 40 years later, in 1665, that physician Richard Lower successfully transfuses blood from one dog to another, saving the sick dog’s life. Unfortunately, it took another 200 years before the first successful human blood transfusion occurred in 1818 by obstetrician James Blundell. From there, different blood types were found, transfusion techniques were perfected, and in 1941 the American Red Cross was founded as a US government-established blood collection center. (http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-transfusions/history-blood-transfusions) Experimentation with organ transplants started in the 18th century among animals and humans, and by the mid 20th century researchers, physicians, and scientists performed successful transplants. Today, with the help of modern medicine and technology, organ transplants are seen as routine medical procedures. Successful organ transplants started with a human kidney transplant in…

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