The use of Biblical allusions and references is evident in Alan Paton's Cry, the Beloved Country. Against the backdrop of South Africa's racial and cultural problems, massive enforced segregation, similarly enforced economic inequality, Alan Paton uses these references as way to preserve his faith for the struggling country. By incorporating Biblical references into his novel, one can see that Alan Paton is a religious man and feels that faith will give hope to his beloved country. Throughout the entire novel, Alan Paton continuously uses references to the bible and while some are not very apparent, most of them are considerable evident. Four apparent references that he uses are seen in Stephen Kumalo's character, Absalom's decisions to
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This angered the other son who felt betrayed when his brother left. But the father did not care; he was so overjoyed to have gotten his son back. "'My son' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found'" (Luke 15:31). In this same sense, Stephen was so overjoyed to have found his son, that the murder charge did not enter his mind at first. His son was lost and now is found.
After discovering Absalom's wrongdoing, Stephen later questioned the ways of God during a conversation with Father Vincent. He said that he did not see it coming, and it was not revealed to him, the person to whom it mattered. While others who did not care, saw the mishaps but to them, it was normal. In Johannesburg they were use to boys going wrong. Stephen feels that God has turned away from him. Father Vincent is quick to reply "That it may seem to happen. But it does not happen, never, never, does it happen" (Paton, 140). In the Bible, "In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil" (Job 1:1). Satan proposed a challenge to God to see if the man would curse in God's name. Satan took away everything that Job possessed. Job still praised the lord and did not sin by charging God with wrongdoing. This Biblical reference contrasts the views of Stephen and Job on the ways of