Essay on Benefits Of Genetically Modified Bacteria And Yeast

1508 Words Nov 21st, 2016 7 Pages
The Benefits of Genetically Modifying Bacteria and Yeast Insulin Genetic Engineering is the revision and modification of a being’s phenotype. To successfully genetically modify a phenotype, scientists must perform numerous steps. These alterations in the individual’s phenotype can improve the way they function on a daily basis, and even help some overcome difficulties of specific diseases and disorders. One particular kind of genetic modification helps to create insulin for those who suffer from diabetes. This is important for those who struggle to produce insulin on their own, so they can utilize new and viable insulin. Insulin is wielded to open the cells and permit the entrance and usage of glucose. Insulin is a hormone that is made in the pancreas. It is produced by the beta cells that are located in the islets and it is naturally occurring in most people. The production of insulin is significant in allowing the glucose to provide energy for the cells. When insulin is not present in the cell, glucose is unable to enter due to the fact that the cell remains closed. This causes the sugar in the cell to build up in the blood, which can become a health risk for the individual. If this high-level blood sugar is left untreated, it can lead to corruption in the eyes, kidneys, heart, or, worse, culminate in a coma or death. These are some of the more serious consequences for those patients who are battling diabetes.
Pratt 2 There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type…

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