Balance Of Power In Russia Case Study

2393 Words 10 Pages
Russia, once a great power state during its empire and cold war era, is taking opportunities to gain power again over its rivals, and the United States (U.S.) being the greatest one. Since Russia has revisionist intention in its core, it is not satisfied with the post-cold war international order, and seeks its rightful place among great power states. Russia’s intent to maximize power and its ultimate goal to rise again as a hegemon, challenges current international order. Russia is trying to shift the balance of power on her behalf vis-à-vis other states, especially its historical rivals, the U.S. and greater European states.2 In order to shift the balance of power, Russia must confront its rivals and decline their political, economic, …show more content…
influence in the world politics, diminish NATO as the U.S. greatest security alliance, and weaken the European Union (EU) as the U.S. greatest ally in keeping current international order stable. Therefore, the most pressing national security challenge facing the U.S. in the next 5-10 years is the rise of Russia because it threatens the U.S. power in Europe through balance of power changes to the international order, disruption of NATO alliance, and stability of the EU.
Russia threatens the balance of power as it rises as a hegemon, disrupting international order, and creating instabilities in the world that harm the U.S. national interests. In late February 2014, Russia crossed the Ukrainian border with its armed forces and seized Crimea peninsula. For the first time after the Second World War, European borders were violated, and politics of the East and West had dramatically shifted.3 Sizing Crimea, Russia changed rules of the international relations and confirmed beginning of shifting power in the
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The first serious indication of Russia’s intentions was its intervention in Georgia. Georgia applied for NATO membership and Russia intervened militarily under the pretext of protecting Russian people in Georgia’s Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions.25 The latest Russian threat for the U.S. and NATO alliance security is Ukraine. Russia is strongly opposing Ukraine become NATO member. In its current military doctrine, NATO expansion is the greatest threat to Russia’s national security.26 Furthermore, Putin’s spokesman Peskov stated that NATO moving to Russian border will be treated as deliberate challenge to its vital national interest and that Russia wants NATO to discontinue attempts to brake the balance of power.27 Crimea and Ukraine are Russia’s strategically important areas. Crimea’s Sevastopol port is home of Russian Black Sea Fleet which gives Russia access to the Mediterranean Sea. With NATO expansion, Russia became surrounded with NATO members, which it holds as a threat. In order to break free, and diminish NATO power, Russia is attempting to weaken it from within creating disturbance among its members. Behavior of Russia presents Ukraine as its short-term goal, and its long-term goal, which is dismantling the NATO and new Yalta-type rearrangement of European

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