Ayub Khan Case Study

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Introduction
On August 14, 1947, as a result of 3rd June plan, a new state in the world came into existence known as Pakistan. This state was divided into two wings-the East Pakistan and the West Pakistan. From the creation of Pakistan, the Eastern wing was constantly at stake and it faced many problems such as difference of language, Ayub Khan’s biasness and his policies regarding East Pakistan, six points presented by Sheikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman and the influence of Indian government in the East Pakistan. Due to these circumstances, the East and the West Pakistan got separated on March 25, 1971. This created a lot of tensions between From Independence of Pakistan in 1947, the East Pakistan was totally unhappy from policies of West Pakistan.
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Ayub Khan was biased against East Pakistan and he disqualified Sheikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman, Hussain Shaheed Soharwardi and many Bengali leaders on EBDO (Executive Body Disqualification Order) because they spoke about the rights of the East Pakistan. In the economic reforms by Ayub Khan there was a step of price control, it was seen that it only worked in the Western wing and the Eastern wing was left deprived of this opportunity and inflammation was increasing rapidly in the Eastern wing. Another reason was that Jute was the major product that was produced by East Pakistan, so, instead of establishing an industry in Eastern wing, the Jute was sent to the West wing and there the industry was setup. No power of attorney was given to the East Pakistan. The wing was deprived badly and anyone who became mouthpiece of the Eastern wing was banned by the government. The Bengalis were fed up of the military because they were of the view that the military only work for the West Pakistan not for the East Pakistan. They said that when there is Qadiyyani issue in Lahore, then military came there to control the situation while in language clashes in Dhaka no military official came to control the

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