Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) Essay

1318 Words Jun 6th, 2016 null Page
Although society as a whole has made some progress from when autism was first discovered in the 1940’s, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still very much stigmatized in the 21st century. The social stigma of ASD is complicated, and varies depending on what country is in question, but scientists and parents all agree that the diagnosis and label of autism does invite stigma, prejudice, and the loss of the feeling of normalcy. According to Martin (2013), prominent features of ASD include “problems with basic socialization and communication, strange intonation and facial expressions and intense preoccupations or repetitive behaviors” (pg. 160). What many fail to realize is that there is a wide variation in ASD. There are many, different types of autism, but even by just comparing individuals with the same type of autism spectrum disorder, one will definitely run into “many different personalities, strengths, and weaknesses” (pg. 160). The social stigma of ASD today stems from the wide variability between individuals diagnosed with ASD, and the lack of knowledge of the general public. Studies have shown that society perceives ASD with a negative stigma, and more often than not, family members or caretakers behind an individual with ASD are also viewed negatively. Sarris (2016) noted that people in many countries around the world view autism and the diagnosis of autism as “a source of disappointment, annoyance, shame or worse.” This stigma often keeps families from seeking a…

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