The Causes And Treatments Of Aversive Punishment

1174 Words 5 Pages
Autism is one of the most common yet misunderstood disorders of the modern age. Most Americans do not have a clear understanding of possible causes, what Autism actually is nor possible cures or treatments of this disorder. As autism effects 1 out of every 68 children born in the US annually, there is a large group of individuals whose lives have been touched by this ailment. Despite the large numbers of children and family’s crossing paths with this disorder, it is still not very clearly understood by the average person. An incredibly important step towards the better understanding of this disorder is having the basic facts available for the common man, presented in a way that is easy to understand and able to be parceled out in small components. …show more content…
(Lichstein & Schribman, 1976) Aversive Punishment therapy entailed giving mild electric shocks to a child when they performed undesired actions, such as self-damage or when they ignored commands doctors and caregivers gave. This treatment, while controversial by today’s standards, was very well accepted at the time and was considered a good option for many children with Autism to lessen the most distasteful behaviors, such as self-harm (Lichstein & Schribman, 1976). Despite the fact that there were many positive results with this therapy, it is no longer widely used with modern doctors due to ethical considerations and a movement away from the idea of Autism being a behavioral …show more content…
One of the most studied is the idea of environmental issues causing Autism. Several metals, such as mercury, lead, chromium and aluminum have been linked to cases of Autism around the world (Assessment of Hair Aluminum, Lead, and Mercury in a Sample of Autistic Egyptian Children: Environmental Risk Factors of Heavy Metals in Autism.). An unfortunate side effect of these findings was the spread of misunderstanding of the ways that these environmental factors come into play with Autism sufferers and led to the rise of individuals becoming concerned about links between vaccines and Autism. While these links have since been debunked, they still are present and detract from actual research in the environmental causes of Autism. Once the baseless speculation and confusion on what are and are not environmental issues that can cause Autism are more widely published and have a greater acceptance, scientists can focus on testing and experimentation on what we can do to either nullify or remove harmful environmental

Related Documents