Autism Is The General Term For Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1012 Words Dec 8th, 2015 5 Pages
Introduction
Autism is the general term for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the DSM-5 classification for four similar neurodevelopmental disorders that affects one in 68 American children (1). The four subtypes include autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome (1). Signs of autism usually appear between two and three years old and manifest as difficulties in social interaction, communication, repetitive behaviors, intellectual disability and emotional dysregulation (1)(2). The Centers for Disease Control provides a concise description of ASD; "…developmental disabilities that cause substantial impairments in social interaction and communication and the presence of unusual behaviors and interests. Many people with ASDs also have unusual ways of learning, paying attention, and reacting to different sensations. The thinking and learning abilities of people with ASDs can vary—from gifted to severely challenged" (Centers for Disease Control, 2015).
Autism is an important topic to explore because although it’s prevalence rate has significantly increased over the past four decades there is still much debate surrounding it’s cause. The present debate is whether ASD is caused by environmental triggers or genetic-biological factors. The highest medical institutions generally implicate genetics and biological factors as the predominant risk factors for autism while noting that…

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