Autism Case Study

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According to Boutot (2017) researchers as recently as the 1980s believed that the main cause of autism was the mother of the autism child. These mothers were coined with the term
“refrigerator mother” due to their lack of love and attention given to the child (p. 6). Psychologist Bernard Rimland is the reason today that we now believe autism is not at the hands of the parents. Boutot (2017) goes on to reveal that an exact caused for autism has not been identified, yet genetics has been dubbed as the leading cause of the disorder. Other feels that along with genetics, one’s environment can contribute to the disorder (p. 7). The role that the environment plays as a cause for autism, is referring to pre-, peri-, and post-natal stages. Examples
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Whitman (2004) has found that the most common abnormality has been with a duplication of a section of the long arm belonging to chromosome 15 (as cited in Boutot, 2017). Szatmari (2003) states that research has provided some interest in chromosomes 2, 7, and 13, due to one or more susceptibility genes, yet susceptibility has not been completely identified. Siblings of an autistic child are at risk of difficulties related to autism. Statistically speaking, more than 10% of siblings of an autistic child appear to have deficits with things like eye contact, imitation, and even social smiling. Identical twins have been a real interest with researchers, since it has been reported that if one identical twin has been diagnosed with autism, the second twin is at a 60% chance of been diagnosed with autism, and a 90% chance of scoring somewhere on the autism spectrum. The Mayo Clinic reports that some genetic problems are inherited, while others take place spontaneously. Psychiatric disorders like depression, bi-polar disorder, and anxiety have been found to have occurrence within families of an autistic …show more content…
Bernard Rimland is not only a world famous psychologist, but the father of an autistic child, brought light to us that the parent’s lack of love and affection and the parents themselves are not the cause of this disorder. The second theory that has been disproved about the causation of autism spectrum disorder is vaccines. It has been thought in the recent years that childhood vaccines have been the main cause of autism, particularly the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine as well as thimerosal-containing vaccines (DeStefano, F., Price, C. S., Weintraub, E. S., 2013). Due to the increase in the amount of vaccines children get, starting with infancy and the rise in the amount of diagnoses of autism began a huge worry for the public, particularly ones with small children. Parents began to delay several of the vaccines instead of following the recommended vaccine schedule as well as not given all of the recommended vaccines to their children. DeStefano, Price, and Weintraub (2013) conducted a case-control study in three managed care organizations which consisted of 256 children that were diagnosed with the autism spectrum disorder and 752 control matched children with age, sex, and managed care organization. Their findings were that

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