Essay on Aute Responses to Exercise

1387 Words Mar 20th, 2012 6 Pages
Body’s Response to Acute Exercise

Musculoskeletal response:

There is an increase in blood supply as your body is working "overtime”. The blood supply has to increase because it has to go to the parts in your body which you are exercising the most e.g. If you are taking a run, the blood supply will increase because your legs will need more energy, therefore there will be more blood circulating your legs than normal because you are overworking them. Your muscles and all your body organs need more energy and oxygen; this is because your body is working more than usual. Your body needs to do many things such as sweat, which helps you cool down, and to get energy to all of your cells in your body to help you carry on exercising, if your
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The amount of Myglobin within skeletal muscle will also increase, which will allow more Oxygen to be stored within the muscle, and transported to the mitochondria. With more oxygen being sent to the Mitochondria they also have to increase. This means with increased numbers of mitochondria there will be an increase in the rate of energy production. The muscles will also be capable of storing a larger amount of glycogen for energy. Enzymes involved in energy production become more concentrated and efficient to aid the speed of metabolism.

Skeletal System:
There will be an increase in the production of Synovial fluid which means that our joints will be more lubricated to reduce the risk of injury and will allow a greater range of movement. The Hyaline cartilage will increase making the joints stronger and its high elasticity will increase which helps to cushion and protect bones. An increase stretch in ligaments allows for a better range of movement and less chance of an injury occurring as it allows the ligaments to come under more strain. Long term exercise will increase osteoblastic activity this means transporting more calcium from your blood to your bones. This will increase the density and strength of your bones.

Respiratory System:

The respiratory muscles such as the Diaphragm and the Intercostal muscles will increase in strength. This will

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