Aerobic Capacity

1562 Words 7 Pages
Aerobic capacity of endurance athletes has been a consistent topic throughout research. Different sports require a certain amount of endurance to be successful on the field or court. Much of this research has been done on soccer players. These athletes consistently show a high maximal oxygen capacity, also known as VO2 max. Due to their higher aerobic fitness level they are able to perform closer to their maximum heart rate value as well. Throughout a match the players consistently shift from short bursts of all out running to a jog then back to a full speed run. With this back and forth pattern of performance it is key that their heart rate recovery times are optimal so they can quickly recover from maximal effort in order to do it once again …show more content…
This particular type of training can induce possible muscle damage, so should only be down with a professional trainer and skilled athletes. Due to different types of training HRR may have a different impact on training status. Aubry et al. found HRR to actually be negatively associated with this type of training as it pertains to changes in performance, but should still be assessed depending on the phase of training and response to performance. However, Borreson & Lambert (2007) conducted a study that involved a submaximal running test over two weeks. The participants were split into three groups depending on whether they increased, decreased, or kept their training the same between two weeks. The group that decreased their training load has a faster HRR time than the other two groups. This suggests that at the body adjusts to higher aerobic tests recovery time will be faster for decreased loads than it would if we trained at the same level or didn’t allow adaptations to occur with constantly increasing …show more content…
Calahorro, Torres-Luque, Lara-Sanchez, & Zagalaz-Sanchez (2013) assessed the different functional and biochemical parameters of young soccer players. Findings concluded that important factors included a player’s body fat percentage, performance at a certain blood lactate threshold level, and the ability to perform at 85-95% of their heart rate maximum. Further research conducted by Aslan et al. (2012) assessed players during a match to determine distance covered, VO2 max, blood lactate, and rate of perceived exertion (RPE). Forward positions had higher blood lactate levels, but all other values were comparative between all positions. Metabolic repsonses were also similar. Findings concluded that the players played at about 85% their heart rate maximum within a range of 155-172 beats per minute. A player’s training status also effects their ability to perform at an optional level as well. Deprez et al. (2015) found that, in pubertal soccer player the groups that sustained a higher level of running performance initially at the first test were more likely to be able to perform higher when tested two years later compared to their low level counterparts. Suggesting that training regimen and motivation are just a couple of the factors that will contribute to an athlete’s ability to maintain their performance

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