Australia Case Study

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I. Country and Target Population
The country that will be focused on is Australia. Australia is both a country and continent, which is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. The major cities of Australia are Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, and Adelaide. The total population of Australia in 2014 was 23.47 million (FIX CITATION: worldbank). The life expectancy for Australian males is 80 years and 85 years for Australian females. The infant mortality rate in 2015 was 3 per 1000 live births. Poverty is growing in Australia with an estimated 2.5 million people experiencing poverty, which is approximately 13.9%, of all people living below the internationally accepted poverty line. Australia’s formal name for their government is the Commonwealth
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In 2012 the leading causes of death in Australia was Ischaemic heart disease with approximately 21,300 total deaths, which accounted for 14.5% of deaths that year. Following Ishaemic heart disease, Strokes were the next leading cause of death in Australia with a total amount of 11,000 deaths, which accounted for 7.5% of deaths that year. Australia’s type of health care system is a complex topic due to the fact that it is provided by both private and government institutions. For instance, hospitals services are delivered by both private and public hospitals. One of the types of health care in Australia is primary health care, which is what a person typically choses at their first point of contact with the health system in Australia, it is also most often provided outside the hospital system. Another type of health care is secondary health care. Secondary care is medical care provided by a specialist or facility upon referral of a primary care physician. The existence of secondary health care in Australia is because the primary health-care system does not operate in isolation. Primary health care is considered to be the gateway to a wider health care system because it is part of a larger system …show more content…
Mental health is a critical disparity because mental health problems along with mental illnesses are linked to being a risk factor for increased health issues. Approximately 20% of the Australian population will experience mental illness in any given year (CITE Mental health Australia). People unemployed or not in the paid workforce had the highest rates of mental disorder, a prevalence rate of 26% for unemployed men and 34% for unemployed women (CITE mindframe). People living in poverty commonly suffer greater levels of physical and mental illnesses as compared to those not living in poverty due to the conditions that the population experiences. Having a mental illness or mental health problems affects the way one goes on with their daily life, especially people living in poverty. The high stress, which is associated with living on poverty, is a contributing factor to the higher prevalence of mental health issues. People living with mental illness suffer disconnection, alienation, exclusion and blatant discrimination, and they are also living in poverty (CITE ACOSS national conference). It is often very expensive to treat a mental illness or mental health problem. Being part of the population that suffers from poverty makes this an even harder task due to their current socio-economic

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