Essay on Augustine 's Doctrine Of The City Of God

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Within Augustine’s Doctrine of the city of God, he holds a controversial view of slavery in Book 19, of chapter 15. For mankind was originally meant to only rule over non-rational creatures. For the significant problem that arises from Augustine view is his concluding statement in chapter 15. “The apostle therefore admonishes servants to be obedient to their master’s, and to serve them loyally and with good will […] they can at least make their own slavery to some extent free” [944]. This notion entailing that as long as the individual is in good health, and has time to freely practice their faith towards God, then so be their mortal position as a slave. Given his view that the Christian slave will possess eternal peace, and freedom from pain in the city of God. Nevertheless, the notion of serving in good will for the Christian slave is problematic, given there may be moral limits the servant is willing to follow, especially if the desired actions or will of their conquering master conflicts with the agent’s own religious/moral views. Additionally, the issue with Augustine’s general view of slavery, in how the Aristotelian definition of the slave is strongly present in Augustine view of the slavery, and the problem that comes with it. Furthermore, the dilemma that would arise in attempting to establish the orderly agreement between the minds of the slave and master, to achieve concord; yet due to the disposition of the Christian slave, this would be unachievable without…

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