August Comte- Zeitgeist Essay

2111 Words Oct 9th, 2012 9 Pages
Auguste Comte: Personalistic & Naturalistic Positions
Claudette Spear
Dr. Joan Hageman
Northcentral University

Abstract This paper will focus on Auguste Comte, the founder of Sociology and how he uses both views of both Personalistic and Naturalistic positions in order to justify his findings. Also it will explain how his personal feelings about numerous subjects greatly influenced his studies and works in which things were manipulated to support his findings. Finally it gives an opinion as to the writers response of the view of Auguste Comte and how his views were formulated.

The personalistic and naturalistic positions in the history of psychological study are numerous
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Sociology began as an intellectual/philosophical effort by a French man named Auguste Comte (born 1798 and died 1857). He is considered the founder of sociology and coined "Sociology." Comte's Definition of Sociology is the science of society” (http://freebooks.uvu.edu/SOC1010/). This resulted in the later discovery of social psychology and the disciplines within it that include not only studying the physiology of the brain, but how it reacts in different social situations. Positivism has a history of its' own. While Comte developed this method, he did not get to see how it was used to influence others in future generations. “During the twentieth century positivism was a dominant philosophy used to make sense of natural and social science. Many scholars made sense of their work using the tenets of empiricism and derivative philosophies, such as positivism, behaviorism, pragmatism and instrumentalism. Pragmatists and instrumentalists, such as Charles Sanders Peirce, William James and Dewey employed some of the tenets of Comtean positivism during an epoch
(e.g., Laudan 1996) when logical positivism, developed within the Vienna Circle, endeavored to

‘‘express all true statements about the world in a single scientific language’’ (Bronowski 1974, p. 627).

Logical positivism, which is a form of empiricism, embraced verifiability, a premise that something

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