Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay example

943 Words Oct 26th, 2014 4 Pages
ADHD/ADD is the most common behavioral disorder in young children. Adults can also be suffering from this disorder. It is harder to detect the older the individual is. ADHD/ADD effect about two-eight percent of children under the age of seven. Children with this disorder can be quiet reserved, daydreamers. It is more noticeable in young boys than girls. Young boys tend to display hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. Young girls tend to be quiet and daydreamers. It all depends on the severity of the disorder.

ADHD and ADD Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a disorder that is common among school aged children. It is a disorder in which an individual has trouble focusing without the hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder in which the individual displays hyperactive and/or impulsive behaviors. Both ADHD and ADD are used interchangeably for those who do and do not display symptoms of impulsive and hyperactive behaviors. (About) Both environmental and genetic factors play a significant role in the etiology and pathophysiology of ADHD/ADD. Studies have shown that ADHD/ADD is a polygenic disorder which involves several genes in determining the symptom severity. The brain of the ADHD/ADD individual is about three to four percent smaller than those who do not suffer from the disorder. The neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine are involved in the pathophysiology of ADHD/ADD. Norepinephrine is…

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