Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects children of all ages, and approximately five percent of children worldwide show decreased levels of attention and hyperactivity (Biederman, 1991). There are three subtypes of ADHD: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined inattentive and hyperactive (Barkley, 2014). Clinically significant ADHD is often associated with simultaneous rebellious and disruptive behavior, temper tantrums, anxiety, low self-esteem, and learning disabilities. ADHD is most commonly identified and treated in children 6 through 12 years of age. There is now emerging evidence to expand the age range to include preschool-aged children and adolescents (Attention-Deficit, 2011). There is an increasing interest in identifying children who show signs of ADHD at a very young age in order to treat them as early as possible and thus reduce social and academic repercussions. Overall, levels of symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsiveness decrease with age; however, many children with ADHD continue to show impairment relative to peers throughout adolescence and into adulthood.
Symptoms of ADHD Children who have ADHD present struggles with attention and/or impulse control in relation to normal children of the same age and gender (Barkley, 2014). Attention is a multi-dimensional conception, which can insinuate problems with attentiveness, arousal, selective or focused attention, persistent attention, distractibility, or…

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